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Nowadays there are several ways in which to watch TV for free and legally online. Many people opt to watch TV online and catch up on programmes at a later date. Here we have constructed a list of ways in which to watch TV programmes online in the UK -


BBC iPlayer


The BBC iPlayer supports the largest range of devices, as you would expect for a publically funded TV station. The BBC provides streaming
only applications for iOS and Android (among many other devices) which closely resemble the mobile web version of iPlayer. In which case, you can chose whether you prefer to use an app or your browser, there’s no real advantage to either. Note that in either case, Android users will need to install Adobe Flash.


Series can be marked as favourites, which is like subscribing, in either the browser or application without having to create an account. Note though, because you don’t have a central account, items you’ve marked as a favourite on the web will not show up as favourites in the app, and
vice versa.


The iPlayer app (and website) provides content from all BBC TV and radio channels. Not only can you catch up on broadcasts that you missed, but you can stream live TV or radio from all channels. That’s particularly handy if you want to watch the headlines on News 24!


While there’s no official application for Nokia, users of its Symbian smartphones can do something (via the browser) that Android and iOS users cannot – download programmes for offline viewing. Programmes come in the form of DRM laden WMV files, which eventually expire just like content on the iPlayer website. Those of you moving onto Nokia’s latest platform, Windows Phone 7, are out of luck with iPlayer for now though.


ITV Player


ITV is the UK’s best known commercial TV station, and it too has provided an online catch up service. Its app is only available for Android and iOS, and mirrors the content on the ITV Player desktop website. There’s no charge to use the application but you will have to sit through commercials. The app works with 3G or WiFi and doesn’t even require you to have a SIM card in your device.


While the BBC’s catch up content typically remains online for just a week, ITV keep its shows online for three to four weeks, giving you plenty of time to catch up. This is just as well because there’s no offline viewing – everything has to be streamed.


Unlike the BBC iPlayer, ITV do not offer streams of live TV. However, content from all four of their channels are available for video on demand.


Virgin Player


Android users can take advantage of streaming content from Virgin Media (including titles from 4oD, MTV, NBC Universal, Comedy Central, and Nickelodeon). If you don’t have an Android device, you can try the Virgin Player mobile site http://m.virginmedia.com/player. However, this service is not free – you have to pay for a viewing pass which allows you to view anything you wish. Viewing passes are available in units of 15 (£0.60), 30 (£1.00), 45 (£1.50), or 60 (£1.75) minutes. Also note that Virgin Player will only work over a 3G data connection, so you’ll need a SIM card in your device and an unlimited data plan.


Sky Go


If you subscribe to Sky Television, you can take advantage of the SkyGo service, which gives access to 39 of its channels. So far the client is only available for iOS, but is coming to Android later this month.




If you want to be able to watch any of 58 UK Freeview digital channels live on your mobile device, you can thanks to TVCatchup. You’d be forgiven for being confused at the name – it used to offer a catch up service, and may do again someday. For now though, it is live TV streaming only. TVCatchup works via web browser of a range of mobile devices, including Symbian and Android; iOS users need to bookmark special URLs:  iphone.tvcatchup.com and ipad.tvcatchup.com. Windows Phone 7 devices are not supported yet, but I’m told they will be soon.



You’re late to University or school, again. No matter how much you reason with yourself, your lateness is probably due to the fact that you couldn’t get out of bed quick enough or through the fact of wanting to. It’s always unpleasant to drag yourself out of bed, so here are some tips to help you wake up alert and get you out of bed quickly:

  1. Assess your health - Your drowsiness in the morning might be health-related. Perhaps you need a better diet and exercise plan or maybe you have sleep apnea. If you’ve been doing everything right, go to a doctor for an expert opinion.
  2. Coffee on your bedside table - This is for extreme cases, but leaving some coffee or another caffeinated drink like Mountain Dew or coca cola on your bedside table might be a good way to get yourself out of bed.
  3. Place your alarm clock strategically - If you place your alarm clock across the room or outside your door, this might force you walk to the clock to shut it off.
  4. Get an alarm clock that lights up 
  5. Don’t drink caffeine or alcohol the night before - It takes a while for caffeine and alcohol to get out of your system so for a better night’s sleep, refrain from imbibing these liquids the night before.
  6. Smelling salts - Smelling salts have been reviving people for hundreds of years, but you don’t have to smell something distasteful. Put a bottle of a pleasant-smelling essential oil like orange, grapefruit, or mint next to your bed to sniff in order to shake yourself out of a groggy state
  7. Train yourself - Train yourself during the day getting out of bed quickly. If you train yourself it might be easier to jump up and get out the door.

If after all of these you are still failing to get up and out of bed on time then you are simply, lazy.

Written By : StudentsAlike.Com – Guide

How Should You Be Studying To Get The Best Results ?

Where Should You Study ?
Creating good conditions to study in can help you make the most of the time you spend revising. Here are some suggestions:

  • Find a quiet place to study and make sure you are sitting comfortably
  • Make sure your desk is well lit
  • Keep background noise to a minimum
  • Avoid studying in an area where there will be distractions – like television or music playing
  • Have everything you need to do your revision to hand before you start – drinks, paper, pens

How You Should Be Studying
There is no ‘right way’ to revise, as long as the method you choose enables you to gain a solid grasp of key facts and consolidate your knowledge. Some students are happy to read their classroom notes from start to finish, others prefer to simplify the information as much as possible, turning everything into skeleton notes, diagrams or mnemonics. In practice, most students find that mixing techniques suits the varied nature of the subjects being revised, and provides essential variety when studying.

  • Turn your notes into revision tools;
    • write ideas and facts on to cards or A5 paper to use as ‘prompts’
    • create memory aids such as diagrams or mnemonics (e.g. initial letters to make a word you need to remember or SMART objectives: Specific; Measurable; Achievable; Realistic; Targets). These will help you remember key facts
    • write key facts/notes out and display these around the house where you will see them
    • record yourself reading notes to listen to if you have tried this before and it works
  • Study with a friend and test each other’s knowledge, but remember you are meeting to revise rather than to chat.
  • Work through past question papers – and use a watch to time them so that you can practise timing your answers.
  • Choose study and revision guides sensibly. It’s not hard to find help with revision – as well as established published revision guides, there are hundreds of websites offering help and advice. The problem is not how to find such help, but how to judge which is the best source for your needs. Save valuable time and get recommendations from your teachers
  • Remember course notes are also a valuable source of extra help
  • Keep yourself more alert by changing revision methods during a session. For instance, try switching from note taking to memorising; from reading to asking someone to test you
  • Attend any revision classes that your teachers may be running at school and get their advice on revision methods
  • Look after yourself – Sometimes revision can become a competition – who stayed up latest, who worked longest, who’s worrying the most. But the more tired you are the less efficiently you’ll work. You need to rest as well as study, eat well, drink lots of water and make sure you pace yourself. Don’t rush, and equally don’t over-revise by doing too much too soon

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The Best Student Insurance Brought To You By Endsleigh

Endsleigh Insurance are the only student insurance provider approved by the NUS. As they insure thousands of students, they claim they are able to offer the biggest discounts. Endsleigh Insurance covers the majority of UK students possessions and is accredited with great reviews and responses to insurance claims.

You can build your own policy

Student contents insurance from Endsleigh can be tailored to cover all the items that you take to university – so you can essentially build your own policy that insures just one item, or a policy that covers your bike, laptop, iPod, camera, DVDs and much more. What features can you look to insuring on an Endsleigh policy -

  • Get laptop cover and insure the rest of your room from just £8
  • Cover your mobile for just £3.33 per month
  • Cover your bike at university from just £30 a year

Here is a list of Endsleigh Student Insurance Products

  • Contents cover from £3,000
  • Theft, accidental damage and LOSS of your mobile phone and laptop anywhere in the UK
  • 24 hour* mobile phone and laptop replacement
  • Non forcible entry
  • Instant cover as soon as you buy
  • New for old replacement
  • The option to pay monthly when you take out an insurance bundle

You can add a range of extra protection tailored to your studies, such as:

  • Musical Instrument cover
  • Bicycle cover for bicycles up to £400
  • Tuition fees and coursework cover
  • Key cover
  • Sports injury and equipment cover

Living in University accommodation? You may already have some insurance
We already insure over 300,000 students which has automatically been provided by their university accommodation provider.  Check now to see whether your university has arranged basic insurance for you. If your university has arranged insurance, you can extend your cover to benefit for our £7.99 a month student insurance bundle to cover your mobile phone and laptop up to the value of £750 each, against theft, LOSS and accidental damage anywhere in the UK.

If your university hasn’t already arranged cover for you but you’re living in university accommodation, then you can still benefit from our student insurance bundles. For just £9.50 a month you can cover your mobile phone and laptop up to the value of £750 each, plus £3,000 worth of contents cover. If your laptop is worth more than £750, get a quote now to find the insurance bundle to suit you.

Living in Shared accommodation?

Our insurance bundles start from just £9.99 a month for students living in shared accommodation, to cover your mobile phone and laptop up to the value of £750 anywhere in the UK, plus £3,000 worth of contents cover. If your laptop is worth more than £750, get a quote now to find the insurance bundle to suit you.

Check out Endsleigh Insurance

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Written By : StudentsAlike.Com – Guide

Ways In Which You Will Learn While At University

Learning at university is a full-time occupation, sometimes it is not easy sometimes is quite a breeze. You might be used to leaving education behind when you exit the classroom, but that’ll all change once you’re a fully fledged fresher – you need to be one top of your work at all times. But how are you going to be taught/learn whilst at University ?

These are usually held in the ungodly hours of the morning (before lunchtime), lectures typically involve you and all your bleary eyed course mates gathered together to watch one of your department’s reluctant academics deliver a frustratingly hazy account of things you should probably know for the exam. Attendance numbers will inevitably start to dwindle as soon as people discover that lecturers put their notes online – however it is still important to go to lectures as the notes get expanded further and explained in detail.

First things first, unlike lectures, seminars are mandatory. Be sure to plan your hangovers around them. They take place in smaller groups of around 10-15 students, making it much harder to hide. Seminars are mostly spent desperately checking the time, and daubing your sweaty forehead in the unsettling knowledge that you could be asked a question at any second.

Arts students don’t know how easy they’ve got it. People studying chemistry, engineering, medicine etc, can’t just go to the library and look in a book for a few quick answers, they have to make their own answers by conducting lab work. For a couple of hours every week, you and 10-15 of your fellow course mates will spend time in white coats and geek-worthy eye goggles to participate in all kinds of practical learning tomfoolery. It’s best to single out early on who you’ll be able to nick results off of during those weeks when you just can’t be arsed.

The Library
In theory, this should be the place where you spend the most time of all.
In reality, the library is often little more than a glorified social club. People visit with good intentions, but very few leave feeling as though they’ve accomplished all they’d hoped for. Instead of studiously worming your way through a hefty stack of books, your library time will instead be spent deciphering the university classification system, gazing out of windows, talking to vague acquaintances/course mates/people you got off with on Thursday night, and photocopying extracts that you might possibly read at home later.

Your Halls Room Or House Room
Most library endeavours fail because people tell themselves that they can always do the work later, in the comfort of their own bedrooms. Always a rookie mistake, my friend. Once at home you’re vulnerable to no-end of distractions, TV, Facebook, eating, making cups of tea, housemates, invites out – the list goes on.

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Written By : StudentsAlike.Com – Guide

What Happens When You Need To Repay Your Student Loan

There is often much misunderstanding about when and how student loans are paid back so here are some important points to remember. For a full understanding it is best to contact your local council which deals with your loans or the Student loans company (SLC)

  • Student loans are not paid back until you are earning more than £15,000 a year before tax (Currently); but when a student starts to pay more for their tuition fee’s the threshold gets higher t around £19,000 a year before tax.
  • You will not have to start repaying your loan until the April after you have finished or left your course.
  • The amount you repay each month will be directly proportional to your income above £15,000 a year.
  • If you are self employed your repayments will be collected through the tax self-assessment system.
  • Interest is applied to your student loans. However the interest is a rate linked to inflation so ‘technically’ you aren’t paying anymore back that you loaned.
  • If you started your studies in 2006 or later, the Government will write off any part of your student loans left unpaid 25 years after you leave your course.

If you would like some more information on student loans, or see the official Student loans company (SLC) website.

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Written By : StudentsAlike.Com – Guide

Personal Statement Layout – A Guide To The Right Way To Structuring It

Most students fail in the layout of their personal statement. Personal statements need to be concise, straight to the point and must interest and engage the reader, as he or she will be reading literally hundreds of personal statements.

First paragraph - Imagine you are reading literally hundreds of personal statements, eventually you are going to get bored so for something to stand out to you it would need an instant hook. That’s what you need to aim for with your personal statement, hook the reader in very quickly.

Qualifications – Remember that your qualifications and predicted grades are already listed on your application form so you don’t need to list them all again, what you do need to do is prove how your qualifications are relevant to your course and you need to talk about specific parts of your subjects that interest you and how they helped you decide on a course to apply to.

The Subject – You really want to prove to the reader that you are suitable for the course you are applying to. Talk about what interests you about the subject, what research you have done about the subject and how the subject is relatable to a any career plans you may have.

Hobbies and other interests - It is of course important to show that you have a personality beyond academia and you can prove this by talking about your hobbies and other interests.

Anything else – Anything that you can write that shows you as an intelligent, well rounded person who would be an asset to a university or college has a place on your personal statement but as said previously make sure it is definitely relevant.

Layout – It is very important that you structure your personal statement in a logical and relevant way. You don’t want to jump randomly from talking about one thing to another and then back again. Organise your content in to paragraphs and be very judgemental about everything you write, considering it’s relevance thoroughly.

Language – It’s been said already but for gods sake check your spelling, grammar etc.

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A Record High 200,00 People Miss Out On A University Place In 2011

The year 2011 will be the last year for students to get to University before the hike in fee’s up to £9,000 per year, therefore the forecast in amount of people fighting for those University places. The figure stands at 200,000 people who are set to miss out on University places either due to lack of places or not achieving the specified grades and having to go through clearing.

The number of students filling vacancies through clearing during the 2011 process reached 13,000 people who were then fighting for 62,000 university places left remaining – according to the admissions body UCAS.

The number which UCAS expects the amount of people to reach for getting to Univeristy is 480,000 people while they report 682,000 people applied to study at a British University.

The spaces which are still unfilled by those who achieved the grades and straight in were left to those who didn’t to fight and be quick to snap up through clearing. Clearing works by matching students who did not get the grades they needed, or who turned down offers or received none, to courses with vacancies – where students also have an opportunity to change degree or University in order to go to a University.

The number of spaces in clearing is a self-balancing figure so as the number of spaces goes down is a good thing because it means that more people have been placed through the main scheme in choices they have been considering for a number of months and not result in a number of students attending a different University and even possibly reading for a new course.

A-level results were published on Thursday of August 2011 and some students will now drop out and not enter clearing due to the sudden change or need to change, but this still is a record high year of people entering clearing.

The overall A*-E A-level pass rate rose to a record 97.8% in 2011 with more than 250,000 students receiving their results on Thursday resulting in either a panic to get into University through clearing or a happy day where those who achieved what they needed got into University automatically.

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Do You Match The Admission Policies For The Uni You Want As  A Mature Student ?

Nowadays more and more people are going to study at University much older than the norm in order to change their career direction or get better qualified. With more and more mature students entering University you might be wondering how you can too, there is just as many opportunities for mature students than those entering as higher education after A-Levels or college.

Some mature applicants take GCE, A and AS levels, BTEC Nationals, Scottish Highers or other SQA qualifications. Many universities do not insist on formal qualifications. The normal entry requirements for UK courses are provided in the Course Search found on the UCAS website or through a University prospectus.

While some mature students enter higher education with traditional qualifications, many institutions will also consider mature students with other qualifications, such as -

  • Open University credits
  • Access course credits
  • Professional qualifications

therefore chances are you might be over qualified for some course if you have been out in the world notching up extra qualifications and experience through your line of work.

If you have not been in formal education for some years whilst you have been busy with a carrer, you may want to consider taking an Access course at a local college to brush up your study skills. If you left school with few or no qualifications, this will help you to prepare for your return to study and get entry qualifications for your course. Access courses are widely available in the UK and some take place during the evening – check out your local college or council for more advice.

When applying for university or college as a mature student, you will need to provide evidence of your ability to study at an appropriate level or evidence of relevant experience. There are no standard entry requirements for mature applicants and exact requirements will vary depending on University and type of University.

It is a good idea to make direct contact with the admissions tutors for the course(s) in which you are interested at your desired Uni. Ask for an appointment to discuss your position and the options available to you before making a formal application. You may need to provide a detailed curriculum vitae. Your complete working history and where you have studied and what you have achieved.

Universities can be a very competitive area, with the prices of tuition fees and living costs it might be a challenging time to go to University as a mature student if you are also supporting a family.

What you need to do before jumping into studying as a mature student is to make sure that you can survive and whether you are cut out for such an opportunity.

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A dissertation is an essay of between 10,000 – 12,000 words on a subject of the student’s own choice. It is open to any student to write a dissertation. Instead of looking at it as 10,000 words, try thinking of it as writing 5 or 6 essays of 2,000 words. It doesn’t seem as bad that way, and becomes a much more manageable task as well. A dissertation tests your ability to manage a research project, and write it up in a clear and orderly fashion. The most important requirement is that the dissertation be on a subject you want to spend a year writing and thinking about.Your aim should be to write a piece that contains elements of originality or distinctiveness, that is, something that is more than a summary of other people’s ideas. There are a number of advantages to writing a dissertation:

  • You will have greater control over and flexibility in the use of working time
  • Mistakes can be corrected through the assistance of the supervisor
  • It reduces the pressure during exam time
  • It results in the creation of a piece of work, which can be taken away and shown to prospective employers
  • Above all, it allows for the detailed study of a subject of particular and perhaps long-standing interest

The Requirements

If you are required to write a dissertation as part of your course, then in your second year you should:

  1. Write a dissertation proposal – identifying the key question you wish to address – 200 words. Use the form provided by the department.
  2. Take this proposal to an academic you would like to act as your supervisor. If they approve of your proposal they will sign it. Then leave the completed form outside the departmental office. Steps 1 and 2 should be completed by the end of the second term.
  3. Register for the dissertation module in the same way.

You can only take the dissertation if you have had your proposal signed.

Seven Steps to Success

Step 1 – The preparation

The step to successful dissertation writing is all in the preparation. Considered preparation and organisation can make the difference between a good dissertation and a mediocre one. So, consider the following things you must know before you start on the bulk of your work:

  • When is your dissertation due in?
  • How must it be presented?
  • Who is your supervisor?
  • What kind of research are you required to do?

These practical pieces of information will affect your approach to your dissertation. Read your dissertation module handbook through carefully to make sure you know exactly what is expected of you. If anything is unclear ask your supervisor.

Step 2 – Your chosen subject

Selecting a subject to focus your dissertation is not always easy. As with any piece of research work, you are choosing to research something without knowing what the outcome of your research will be, or how wide a scope it may cover. There are some general rules, which, if you follow them, will help you to select your specific topic:

  • Choose something manageable – nothing too large-scale or greatly time consuming.
  • Choose something in which you are interested. This will help to motivate you and give you encouragement to study.
  • Choose something, which doesn’t overlap too much with other assessments you have submitted. For example, if you have already handed in an extended essay on a topic, don’t choose it for your dissertation topic – you could be accused of self-plagiarism.
  • Discuss your choice, and your reasons behind it with your supervisor who should be able to give you an indication of the feasibility of the study.

Although rules and regulations preside over all dissertations, there is scope for you to undertake a wide range of work within a dissertation – just be sure to discuss any plans with your supervisor first.

Step 3 – Your supervisor

When you undertake a dissertation module, you will be allocated a supervisor. Your supervisor is there to do just that:

  • Check that things are going OK
  • Give you advice
  • Point you in the direction of relevant source materials.

Your supervisor is not there to:

  • Tell you what to do,
  • Chase you up if you fall behind, or
  • Read and correct your dissertation before you submit it.

A dissertation is a piece of self-directed study, so your dissertation supervisor cannot get too involved with the work you are doing, and is likely to be one of the people who mark it. However, your supervisor can be of great use in giving you guidance, support, and advice, and you should make the most of this important resource.

Ultimately students must take responsibility for their own studies.

  • Your subject area will give you guidelines about how much of your supervisor’s time you are entitled to.
  • Make good use of your supervisor – prepare for your meetings, and turn up when you have arranged to do so. Submit an agenda so that the supervisor can prepare for the meeting and which will also remind you of what you wanted to discuss.
  • Be sure to maintain contact with your supervisor – don’t hide from him/her because you haven’t done as much work as you had anticipated.
  • You may want your supervisor to comment on a piece of work, which you have completed. It would be helpful to let them have this in advance.

Get problems sorted out at an early stage – go and see your supervisor if you get stuck, or encounter any major problems with your work. To delay could be catastrophic.

Step 4 – The plan of work

Planning is a key element in undertaking a dissertation. You not only need to plan the content and structure of your piece of work, but also the time in which you have to complete it. Planning the content of a dissertation is not always easy at first; you are often unsure of what your research will reveal. However, if you have done some basic research into your subject area before deciding on a topic, you should have a fairly good idea of what your dissertation will need to cover. Often, subject areas will give you specific advice on what they expect to be included within the dissertation, and this is an excellent guide to planning your work.A good way of starting is to try and do a rough, long term plan. This could include time planning for the following things:

  • By when do you want to have each chapter completed?
  • How much time will you need to complete any primary research?
  • When do you want to have all your research work completed?
  • How long will you need to write up your dissertation and check it for errors?
  • Will you need to get your dissertation bound in any special way? Is this going to take time?

By making a rough plan of the above long-term goals, you can often make your dissertation a much more controllable task. Remember to be pragmatic about time scales; allow yourself plenty of time in which to complete tasks. If your timetable doesn’t go to plan, simply reorganise it. Flexibility is very important in dissertation preparation and writing; your work will not always go smoothly, so you need to regularly review your goals and adjust them accordingly.

If you intend to use questionnaires, interviews, or conduct experiments for your dissertation, give yourself plenty of time in which to get these done. Writing to request an interview with someone two weeks before your dissertation is due in will rarely be of any use; the person may not even agree to be interviewed, which would leave you stuck, with no time to approach someone else.

Step 5 – Ready, steady go!

Once you have a rough plan of what you are going to do, its time to get started. How you go about this will depend very much on your dissertation topic. A good way to begin, however, is to do some good background research into your subject area. This will give you ideas and resources for future work, and get you immersed in the subject. Use as many different types of source as possible; TV, radio, newspapers, journals, CD-ROM, the Internet, interviews, government publications – whatever you find to be relevant and of use.

  • Always keep your eyes open for material.
  • Whenever you read something or take notes on a source, always take down full bibliographic details. This will save you time later when compiling your references and bibliography. Using an index card system is useful for this.
  • Focus your reading once you have a general background picture of the subject – make sure everything you read is for a purpose, not just for the sake of “doing something”.
  • Don’t avoid reading just because your project will contain a lot of fieldwork – you will still need to refer to other research in your field, and may even end up having to rely on written materials more heavily than you had first thought. It is a good idea to put your research into context in relation to the work of others.

Try and start writing up as soon as possible. There is no rule, which says you must first do all your research, then spend three weeks writing it up. Writing as you research gives a sense of achievement, and can help avoid any last minute panic attacks.

Step 6 – The write up

Even if you have been doing some writing up as you researched, you will get to a stage where you simply cannot research any more, and you must put your mind to getting your dissertation completed. It is extremely important that at this stage you make sure you follow the guidelines given to you by your supervisor about the format required for your dissertation. In particular, make sure you know what is expected of you in the following areas:

  • References and bibliography – what format should they take? Different disciplines have different requirements.
  • Layout – do you have to include an abstract? Are you allowed appendixes?
  • Margin sizes, font, general layout of the dissertation.

Try and follow the points raised below to ensure your dissertation is written well:

  • Prefer the short word to the long.
  • Prefer the single word to the roundabout expression.
  • Prefer short sentences and paragraphs to long.
  • Never use a foreign, slang, or jargon word unless there is no equivalent in everyday English.
  • Punctuate sparingly, and remember there is more to punctuation than the full stop and the comma.
  • Never use an exclamation mark except for the purposes of quotation.

Write in an objective way – be impersonal. This said however, some disciplines do encourage a more personal style. If in doubt, consult your supervisor.

Step 7 – Hints for success

The following ideas may be useful to you while trying to put your dissertation together, but still remember to refer to your subject area’s instructions regarding format and what is expected. Ideas for the Introduction:

  • a clear statement of your subject
  • an explanation of why the research is worthwhile
  • an outline of methods used
  • an indication of the restrictions of the study
  • a summary of the chapters to follow
  • thanks to any person or group who gave you special help

Ideas for the Chapters

  • each one should answer a major question
  • each chapter should contain lots of answers to smaller questions
  • use sub-headings to guide your reader
  • develop points carefully, step by step
  • each chapter should make sense if it were to be read on its own
  • give chapters introductions and conclusions as well


  • are designed to let you include material which could not be fitted easily into any chapter


When taking your dissertation, do remember that it is only part of the work that you will need to complete in that academic year. Try not to get too engrossed and to spend proportionate amounts of time on other areas of your course.